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andre
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Wondering why Indonesia is so hard to rule and why other counties in the region are flourishing and Indonesia is still struggling, I found the following text, which I found very informative:


The Netherlands, as had Great Britain, amalgamated many unrelated nations and placed them under the colonially-imposed "unitary" state system --under one rule.

At the time of de-colonization there was great difficulty in reaching an agreement as to what should happen to all of those formerly independent island nations. The strongest and most populous group was the Javanese, centered in Jakarta although also located elsewhere in the islands. The Javanese became the bargaining power. So through the Netherlands and the Javanese and with the cooperation of the United Nations at that time, Indonesia was to come into being. The de-colonization instrument, called the Round Table Conference Agreements of 1949, was between the Netherlands, the Javanese - Indonesian leadership and the United Nations. (11) The new State to be formed from the Netherlands East Indies was to be called the United States of Indonesia and was to be made up of the Javanese islands to be grouped as "the Republic of Indonesia" and other co-equal "republics." The Moluccas was to be part of the Republic of East Indonesia.

The Round Table Conference Agreement had several "opt-out" provisions offering provisions for both internal and external choices. For example, the populations of territories were to be given a plebiscite to determine "whether they shall form a separate component state." Emoticon: Cry 12) The second "opt-out" provision allowed states that did not ratify the constitution to negotiate with either the United States of Indonesia or the Netherlands for a "special relationship." (13) Thus, the de-colonization instrument itself for the Netherlands East Indies gives the Moluccas the legal right to secede.

Immediately following the turning over of power, the Javanese began to forcibly incorporate the component parts into the Republic of Indonesia (the Javanese stronghold) rather then implement any plebiscites. Additionally, the Javanese made clear they would not allow component parts to "opt-out" entirely. With increasing Javanese pressure on the Moluccas, the Moluccas responded by invoking Article 2.

2: on April 25, 1950 the Moluccan leadership declared the independent state of the Republic of South Moluccas. However, the Javanese strongly opposed this, and itself invaded the Moluccas. Sadly, at that same time, the Moluccan forces were seriously depleted because the Netherlands had transported 4,000 Moluccan troops and their families to the Netherlands. The Moluccan forces had been part of the Netherlands forces in the East Indies (the KNIL) and transported them to the Netherlands. The Moluccan people were left without defenders against the Javanese army.

At the time, the United Nations Commission for Indonesia took up the Moluccan case. But even so, it became apparent that the politics of the United Nations seemed to change. It is difficult to assess what occurred, in part because, as I discovered in researching the Security Council and United Nations Commission for Indonesia of that era, most of the documents are still embargoed. Researchers cannot even look at them. What is obvious is that a deal was made probably behind the scenes, because in the end, the United Nations did not insist on the removal of the Javanese from the Moluccas and the Commission for Indonesia quietly ceased to exist in about 1955.

As you know, many other component parts of the former Netherlands East Indies share with the Moluccas a continuing (and indeed worsening) period with rampant and violent attacks by the Indonesian Army and government-supported paramilitary groups as well as continuing violations of human rights. This is truly a crisis of self-determination, effecting especially the Moluccas, Acheh, and West Papua.





kiwimave
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Is dit weer het zoveelste artikel waarin gezanikt wordt over de Molukken? Emoticon: Party! Ik dacht dat we met zijn allen hadden afgesproken om dit niet meer te doen. Emoticon: Smile

Indonesie zal toch nooit toestaan dat de Molukken of Sulawesi of Papua onafhankelijk worden hoe goed ze hun eilanden waarschijnlijk zelf ook kunnen besturen. Emoticon: Nooo


Gracias. Sama sama

Jeroen
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Please keep this topic in English, thanks!



andre
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On 16-07-2007 10:16 kiwimave wrote:
Is dit weer het zoveelste artikel waarin gezanikt wordt over de Molukken? Emoticon: Party! Ik dacht dat we met zijn allen hadden afgesproken om dit niet meer te doen. Emoticon: Smile .....


Did we agree on that, or was is the ambassador for Indonesia in the Netherlands, Mr. Habibi?

Anyway, this topic is not about the RMS, it is about why Indonesia is so difficult to rule. The article is a summary of the de-colonization proces, the roots of Indonesia so to say. In the article Indonesia is named as an example of imperfect de-colonization along with Birma, Kashmir and Tibet.

In my opinion, the way Indonesia was decolonized and then colonized again by Java, is one of the root causes of the situation in Indonesia (being lagging economic growth and ongoing seperatisme). Indonesia is still dealing with issues that have been dealt with in the malayan peninsula in the 60's (some twenty years after their independence!)




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